Jet lag and Air Travel

Disruption of body’s internal clock or biological clock leads to various symptoms, usually termed as ‘Jet lag’. This happens on crossing multiple time zones, i.e. when flying east to west or west to east. and may lead to indigestion and disturbance of bowel function, general malaise, daytime sleepiness, difficulty in sleeping at night, and lowered physical and mental performance. Effects which are often combined with tiredness, gradually disappear body adapts to new time zone. Jet lag can be reduced to certain extent although it is less likely to prevent it. Taking rest before leaving, eating light meals and limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption are likely to reduce it. Passengers are advised to create the right conditions when preparing for sleep (using eyeshades and earplugs). Regular exercise during the day may help to promote sleep, but passenger must avoid strenuous exercise immediately before sleep. Any medication including Melatonin and sleeping pills should be taken after consulting a clinician.